What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)? | KGH Autism Services: ASD Treatment Clinic, Chicago & Madison

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex developmental disorder that involves significant challenges in social interaction, speech and nonverbal communication, and restricted/repetitive behaviors.

According to the CDC, autism affects an estimated 1 in 59 children in the United States today.

The DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts

  1. Deficits in initiation of social interactions, sustaining conversations, reduced sharing of interests, emotions, or affect
  2. Deficits in nonverbal communication (eye contact, gestures, body language, facial expressions)
  3. Receptive Communication- Listening to and understanding a message

Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities

  1. Stereotyped or repetitive motor movements, use of objects, or speech
  2. Inflexible, ritualized patterns
  3. Highly restricted, fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity or focus
  4. Hyper- or Hypo- reactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory input


Wondering if your child could be on the autism spectrum?

If you have questions or concerns about your child’s development, don’t wait. We can help. All parents want the very best for their child and it can feel overwhelming to know where to start and what to do next. We help families just like you every day. 

Call us at 224-326-2206 or email intake@kghautismservices.com for support and help with the next steps.